2 edition of Vegetative stabilization of spent oil shales found in the catalog.
Vegetative stabilization of spent oil shales
H. P Harbert
1974 by Environmental Resources Center, Colorado State University in Ft. Collins, Colo .
Written in English
Includes bibliographical references
|Statement||by H. P. Harbert and W. A. Berg|
|Series||Technical report, no. 4|
|Contributions||Berg, W. A. 1930-|
|The Physical Object|
|Number of Pages||40|
The shale oil industry is dead because it was never alive. The industry, as a wholeoil well under $50 a barrel, the broken business model remains. In time the industry will be viewed as a huge waste of investment capital which is already true, but not recognized by the author of this article. Preface. Many of these books will turn what you learned in school upside-down. More booklists Alice Friedemann author of “When Trucks Stop Running: Energy and the Future of Transportation”, , Springer, Barriers to Making Algal Biofuels, and “Crunch! . The latter would be much more important for the behavior of oil prices over the next two-three years, but ultimately, the cost of shale oil production combined with upstream policies in Iran, Iraq. Additionally, Ergon plans to barrels per day of condensate stabilization in Newell, West Virginia, in Furthermore, Ergon plans to install new capacity at barrels per.
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Get this from a library. Vegetative stabilization of spent oil shales: vegetation, moisture, salinity, and runoff, [H Vegetative stabilization of spent oil shales book Harbert; W A Berg; Colorado State University. Department of Agronomy.]. EPA United States Environmental Protection Agency Office of Research and Development Industrial Environmental Research Laboratory Cincinnati, Ohio EPA/ February VEGETATIVE STABILIZATION OF SPENT OIL SHALES: Vegetation Moisture Salinity & Runoff Interagency Energy-Environment Research and Development Program Report.
Vegetative stabilization of retorted oil shale onsouth facing slope in Northwestern Colorado. Landscape Urban Plann., This stud-lwas designed to determine the feasibilitv o/'vegetative stabilization of Union Oil Company Process B retorted shale on a Cited by: 1.
Solid waste from eastern oil shale appears to be feasible for soil stabilization only if limestone is added during combustion. Testing methods, results, and recommendations for mix design of spent shale‐stabilized pavement subgrades are presented and the mechanisms of spent‐shale Cited by: Characteristics of spent shale which influence water quality, sedimentation and plant growth medium; and Chapter 7.
Water requirement for stabilizing and vegetating spent shale in the Piceance Basin. The Phase II report is organized into Phase II-A Vegetative stabilization of spent oil shales and Phase II-B Revegetation of disturbed surface. The United States of America resources in terms of billion barrels of oil 6 TABLE Oil shale resources of U.S.A.
(in billion bbl) Deposits T.F. YEN AND G.V. CHILINGAR Oil equivalent (in billion bbl) loo* 2, 1, 22, 0 4, 2, large 21 0Green River Formation Devonian and Mississippian oil shales. The effect of spent engine oil (SEO) on soil properties and growth of maize (Zea mays L.) was investigated.
Five treatments (, and l/kg) of the spent oil were applied to soil. Journals & Books; Help HARBERT H. Ill and BERG W. () Vegetative stabilization of spent oil shales: Vegetation, moisture, salinity, and runoff Environmental Protection Agency Report / United States Environmen- tal Protection Agency, Cincinnati, Ohio.
HERZBERG M. A., KLEIN D. and COLEMAN D. () Trophic. Fuel Processing Technology, 8 () Elsevier Science Publishers B.V., Amsterdam -- Printed in The Netherlands HYDROGEN RETORTING OF OIL SHALES FROM EASTERN CANADA E. FURIMSKY Energy Research Laboratories, Energy, Mines and Resources, CANMET, Ottawa, Ontario KIA OGI (Canada) J.
SYNNOTT, R.S. BOORMAN and R.S. SALTER Research and. Sohrab Zendehboudi PhD, Alireza Bahadori PhD, CEng, in Shale Oil and Gas Handbook, Condensate Stabilization. Separated liquids at inlet facilities of gas treatment plants are sent respectively to the condensate stabilization unit.
The function of this unit is to remove the lightest components from the raw feed and to produce a. A high soluble salt content in processed oil shales or other mineral wastes can pose problems in vegetation establishment on disposal piles and in water quality of drainage from disposal sites.
In this field study a fine-textured, saline, processed oil shale was leached or covered with m of soil to facilitate vegetation establishment. Salt moved upward into the leached processed shale or. Vegetative stabilization of spent oil shales: Vegetation moisture salinity and runoff, Disposal of massive amounts of spent shale will be required if an oil shale industry using.
Abstract. Disposal of massive amounts of spent shale will be required if an oil shale industry using surface retorting is developed. Field studies to model both low elevation (dry) and high elevation (moist) disposal sites were initiated in on 2 types of spent oil shale; coarse textured-US Bureau of Mines (USBM) and fine-textured-the Oil Shale Corporation (TOSCO).
A water impermeable liner, cap, or dam core for a containment basin for spent oil shale is made from a mixture of water and combusted oil shale having a particle size of less than about one cm, a residual organic carbon content of less than 1%, and at least 15% of its Mg/Ca/Fe carbonate minerals decomposed.
A layer of the mixture is applied to the basin and/or top of the filled basin. Retort residue ash of El-Lajjun oil shale from central Jordan has been studied for its cementitious and pozzolanic properties and potential uses in construction.
During the preliminary phase, properties of the ash were determined and some tests were performed on pastes of ash, cement and their mixtures.
The Green River oil shales had lower rare earth element concentrations ( to micrograms per gram, μg g-1) than are typical of material in the upper crust (approximately μg g-1) and. Oil Shales gas, adjacent water, or gravity). is the viscosity When the reservoir rocks are "tight“, such as shales, oil generally cannot flow easily in real cp Heavy Oil Viscous Oil generally cannot flow easily in real time, but when they are more permeable, such as sandstone, oil can flow more freely.
1 Viscosity, 10 Low GOR Shale Oil. Shale Oil and Gas Production Processes delivers the basics on current production technologies and the processing and refining of shale ng with the potential of formations and then proceeding to production and completion, this foundational resource also dives into the chemical and physical nature of the precursor of oil shale, kerogen, to help users understand and optimize its.
The oil shale characteristics, process description, chemical reactions of the oil shale components, and the effects of variable and operating conditions on process performance are discussed. The process contains a fluidized bed combustor which performs both as a combustor of the spent shales and as a heat carrier generator for the pyrolysis.
However, with the global increase in the production of by-products and waste materials such as blast furnace and steel slag, spent oil shale, china clay waste, slate waste, rice husk ash, millet.
Oil shale is one of humanity's most promising sources of energy and chemicals (4) and Morocco has one of the world's largest oil shale reserves (5). Moreover, the Jerada coal mine in the country's. Oil spills in Niger-delta region of Nigeria and indiscriminate disposal of spent engine oil into gutter water drains, vacant plots among automobile mechanics that change oil from motor vehicles and generators have been found to be hazardous to both plants and animals (Anoliefo et al., ; Emmanuel et al., ).
ble gases, crude shale oil, and a solid residue called spent, retorted, or processed shale. Crude shale oil can be obtained by either aboveground or in situ (in place) processing.
In aboveground retorting (AGR), the shale is mined and then heated in retorting vessels. In a true in situ (TIS) process, a deposit is.
After seven growing seasons, a good vegetative cover remained with few differences between treatments, with the exception of the TOSCO retorted shale, south-aspect, which consistently supported less perennial vegetative cover than other treat- ments.
With time, a shift from peren- nial grasses to dominance by shrubs was observed. The Rio Blanco Shale Oil Company is a general partnership of Gulf Oil Corporation and Standard Oil Company (Indiana), formed to develop the oil shale resource on a acre tract leased from the Department of the Interior in as part of Federal Prototype Oil Shale Leasing Program.
the addition of cementitious oil shale solid wastes. Portland cement, lime, and fly ash presently are used widely for this purpose.
Based on the chemical reactions that occur when spent shale is used for soil stabilization, oil shale solid waste can be categorized as an active soil stabilizing agent (Terrel et al. The use of oil shale solid. Oil shale - Oil shale - Environmental issues: The production of oil from shales has a potentially serious impact on the environment.
Four specific areas of concern dominate discussion regarding development of the resource: greenhouse gas output, water consumption and pollution, surface disturbance, and socioeconomic effects. Because oil and gas are produced by heating oil shale and because.
figures page 1 distribution of oil shale in the green river formation, colorado, utah, and woming (3) 6 2 crushed raw shale 12 3 spent shale from uoc retorting process 12 4 spent shale from usbm retorting process 13 5 spent shale from tosco retorting process 13 6 segment of column and portion of tosco spent shale used in column study 28 7 overall layout of rainfall facility 30 8 close-up.
Petroleum (pronounced / p ə ˈ t r oʊ l i ə m /), also called crude oil or just oil, is a naturally occurring, yellowish-black liquid found in geological formations beneath the Earth's surface. It is commonly refined into various types of ents of petroleum are separated using a technique called fractional distillation, i.e.
separation of a liquid mixture into fractions differing. Oil shale retorting in place (in situ) is summarized. The area of major concern, stabilization of spent shale residues, is covered in detail. Other areas of environmental concern are discussed: retort waste water, process water from shale-oil upgrading, dewatering operations, mineral recovery, and contamination of groundwater by radioactivity.
Introduction In recent years, the need to develop new energy resources within the United States has become increasingly impor- tant. Inthe U.S. Department of Interior estimated that the western oil shale reserves, consisting of o square kilometers in Colorado, Wyoming, and Utah, contained over x I ( billion barrels) of recover- able crude oil.
Defining the prospective area for each shale gas and shale oil formation. Estimating the risked shale gas and shale oil in-place. Calculating the technically recoverable shale gas and shale oil resource.
Each of these five shale gas and shale oil resource assessment steps is. Shale oil is refined in the crude distillation section of the refinery into the primary components of light ends (hydrocarbons ranging from C1-C4), naphtha, jet fuel/kerosene, diesel, gas.
spent oil shale ausgebeuteter Ölschiefer m. spent oil shale ausgebeuteter Ölschiefer m. Skip to main content Skip to Search within book. Type for suggestions. Table of contents Previous. Page Navigate to page number. of Next. About this reference work.
A recent survey revealed that olive oil, vegetable oil and pure canola oil are most frequently used in U.S. households for preparing salads or. scar and coefficient of friction of rape seed oil, sunflower oil and castor oil and concluded that the chemical structural differences affects the friction and wear .
VII. CONCLUSION The vegetable oils are well suited as industrial lubricant base stocks. The viscosity index and thermal stability of the vegetable oils are very good.
But even if non-OPEC oil production drops by mb/d by the end of the year, which would probably require prices remaining below $30/barrel, that would only restore global production to pre.
An ecologically acceptable liquid-impermeable geologic barrier is made from shale. In the process described, the preferred shale is Brainard Shale, the upper shale formation in the Maquoketa Group, which is excavated to expose solid, unweathered shale in its original sedimentary state.
The Brainard shale is removed by a suitable mining operaton and crushed into an aggregate which can be. pacts of oil shale emissions on ambient air quality in the oil shale area and in neighboring regions are mathematical dispersion models, which are the Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) tool for enforcing the provisions of the Clean Air Act.
Mod-eling of oil shale facilities presents a number of problems because of the topography and. The extraction of shale oil is an industrial process that is generally undertaken above ground by mining in oil shale field and then the output is treated in a facility to obtain the desired product.
Heating or fracturing is also used to extract shale oil when the source shale field is beneath the earth’s crust. • The most reliable studies suggest that the EROI for oil shale falls between and when self-energy is counted as a cost.
• Self-energy is energy released by the oil shale conversion process that is used to power that operation. • This places the EROI for oil shale .Abstract.
A review covers the conventional and in-situ oil shale processing technologies and their status of development; the sources and characteristics of the wastewaters from oil shale retorting operation, from leaching of spent shale, from cooling tower and boiler blowdowns, from oil refining operations, from saline aquifer, and from minor sources, such as from air pollution control.This study examines the combustion behavior of spent oil shale blocks after pyrolysis.
The experiments simulated in situ retorting by minimizing radiation. The effects of shale grade (from 25 to L/tonne), block size (1 to 10 cm in diameter), and combustion gas composition (5 to 21% O/sub 2/, 0 to 50% H/sub 2/O) were examined.